Richmond County, Virginia: 1720. Unbound. This document, which measures approximately 12.5” x 16” was created by John Coppedge or William Hackney in 1720. The inset map measures 8.5” x 5.75:. The document is in nice shape with a few tiny holes at the intersection of some filing folds; a 5” x 2.5” piece of margin has been removed. An 8.5” x 6” wonderful plat map is drawn in the upper left corner of the document and a 4” x 5” key is adjacent. The map is titled “William Hacknee his plat for 824 Acres of Land.” It contains an ornate compass rose with a center pinprick surveyor’s compass was used for orientation. It includes important features found on Hackney’s property including: “Rockie River”, “Cow Lick Run”, “The Marsh Path”, and “The Rowlling Road to Rappa:”. The river and creek are shaded in light blue. The lower half of the document is a text description of the property that begins: “Richmound . . . Surveyed on 24th of December ano 1720. Henry Coffee and Richard Holloway Chain Carriers Sworn for William Hacknee a parcel of proprietery Land . . . above on the Branches of Rock River and Cow Lick Run a plat of Svyd Land according to the Symmetrical proportions Is herewith . . . as follows. . ..” It is signed, “John Coppedge Surveyer of Counties of Northld [Northumberland] and Lancaster” A number of public documents record William Hackney as living in Middlesex County and owning property in Richmond County, the county immediately north of Middlesex. Both counties lie on the western side of the Rappahannock River, and the surveyor’s map shows the Rolling Road to the Rappahannock River on running due east on the map as would be appropriate for land located Richmond County. Public records show that “John The Surveyor” Coppedge lived in Northumberland County, across the Rappahannock from Middlesex and Richmond Counties. Rowling or rolling roads were so named because giant hogsheads of tobacco were rolled along them to river ports by groups of slaves or teams of oxen. The process was relatively economical and fast although it damaged the leaves. It wasn’t until the 1850s that roads and carts had improved enough to abandon the rolling of hogsheads. Half of this document’s reverse is covered with neatly done mathematical computations. There is also docketing that reads: “@m Hackneys platten” and “Wm Hackney’s Platt & Survey for 824 acres In Richm’d Dec 24th 1720. Very good. Item #009408
Very scarce. As of 2019, there are no auction records of any similar surveyor maps from Colonia America listed at the Rare Book Hub, and OCLC show only two held by an institution (the Library of Congress); neither is of Virginia.