Portland, Oregon: 1866. Unbound. Two items from the Oregon Stage Company, which had been previously known as the California and Oregon Stage Line and the California and Oregon United States Mail Line. The $345.53 receipt measures 8.5” x 3” and is headlined, “Oregon Stage Company” and was written for “17 Tons 553 lbs of Baled Timothy Hay delivered at Yreka.” It is dated November 8, 1866. The large waybill (9.5” x 15.5” unfolded) is titled “Way-Bill. California and Oregon United States Mail Line – Marysville and Yreka. Oregon State Company” and is dated Sunday, August 26th 1866. It provides details about passengers and trips—including names, fees, departure times, and drivers—transported between Oroville, Tehama, Red Bluff, Shasta, Yreka, Trinity Center, and Sacramento. Both items are in nice shape. Very good. Item #009335
The Oregon Stage Coach Company, owned by newspaper publisher and future senator Henry W. Corbett, ran a stagecoach line—initially known as the California and Oregon Stage Line—between Portland and Sacramento. “At 6: A.M. each day one or two pair of horses threw their weight agains their collars to pull a wooden-wheeled Concord stagecoach from the Arrigoni Hotel . . . in Portland . . . onto the Stark Street Ferry to cross the Willamette River and then roll south to California.” The company’s fiscal security was assured after receiving a U.S. mail contract that paid $90,000 per year and continued until the two states were linked by rail in 1887. (see Harlow’s Old Waybills: The Romance of the Express Companies and Culp’s Early Oregon Days.) Rather scarce. As of 2019, there is one other waybill for sale in the trade, and three have been sold at auction over the past forty years. Waybills are held by three California institutions. Receipts have been a little more frequently available.